China Connecting with South East Asia


Over recent years there has been a softening of travel regulations in South East Asia. This has come at a similar time to a reversal on the former ban of travel overseas by citizens of the People’s Republic of China. There has been a drive on China’s part to form stronger economic ties with South East Asia. It is a region with strategic significance for China.

The first thing that should be noted is that China has a border with Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam. The Chinese authorities have been very keen on securing their borders and reclaiming any land in dispute. They don’t have any land disputes with South East Asian countries.

Moreover, these countries unlike India don’t pose any real economic, cultural or ideological threat to China. Myanmar is controlled by the army with a window-dressing form of democracy. Thailand is currently under military rule and in an unofficial civil war for control with the establishment and army lined up against a populist party funded by the shady figure of Thaksin Shinawatra. Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos remain communist but no longer isolationist.

In short China feels at home in the political climate of South East Asia. No government in South East Asia is much interested in a liberal agenda and unlikely to complain about China as long as it keeps to its borders.

And so it has. Instead China has been making massive inroads to improve travel infrastructure in the region. In the south western province of Xishuangbanna there has been massive forest clearance and the creation of roads to Laos and Myanmar.

In parallel with this road building, China has been keen to invest in South East Asian countries and has been keen to partner up on train line improvements to get the flow of consumer goods from China into South East Asian markets and at the same time bring out the valuable natural resources in the region, primarily rare hardwoods and timber.

It will take a while before Cambodian trains and Vietnamese trains are properly connected to Thailand. However, these 3 countries have plenty of track and rolling stock. Myanmar also has rail assets. Laos less so but is not starting from scratch. The obvious goal is to have a large circular train circuit that goes from Bangkok to Siam Reap in Cambodia and then travels on to Ho Chi Minh City before heading north up the Vietnamese coast to Yunnan province in China. The railway would also have routes going East-West going from Vietnam into Laos and then into both Thailand and Myanmar.

There has already been an explosion of Chinese tourism in Thailand. There is no reason why this cannot be further expanded by rail links. Moreover, as Chinese tourists become braver it is likely that they will want to explore farther afield than simply Bangkok and Pattaya in Thailand. They will want to go to Angkor Wat, to Luang Prabang, to Mandalay, to Saigon, to the forests in the north and the islands in the south.

China doesn’t belong to the ASEAN grouping but it sees the 4.4 million square miles that this area represents as being a gold mine of natural resources and a great place to flex financial muscle and to gain strategic assets and debts. This is the area with which China is keen to connect.

Train Travel in South East Asia Resources

Thailand Trains
Vietnam Train Tickets
Myanmar Trains
Cambodia Trains

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Expecting Gold


Chinese newspaper Global Times confidently claimed on the verge of the opening of the Rio 2016 Olympics that Chinese would get 30 to 36 medals. It is now day 12 and China have 17 golds while Team GB have 19 golds.

Since 1984 when China made their Olympic debut they have amassed over 200 golds and have never finished below the UK in the medal rankings. They might still pip Team GB to second place but now it looks impossible to make the 30 gold mark. The humiliation of falling so short and possibly not even making second place is something Chinese media has been trying to manage.

One approach has been to recycle the common Olympic mantra that it is the taking part that matters; showing spirit. State media CCTV has run lengthy stories about r Ygor Coelho de Oliveira from Brazil and Ethiopian swimmer Robel Kiros Habte who have become crowd favourites despite being very much off medal winning form.

This approach might be in line with Olympic rhetoric but does not sit easily with the nationalistic fervour that the state has been fomenting for over a decade. This generation of Chinese have invested a lot in the notion of Chinese superiority in terms of sport, culture and economics. They cannot be so philosophical as to believe that the taking part is enough. They are baying for success, and when it is not forthcoming they turn to spite. On Twitter Chinese people have been blaming judges for poor decisions. They are even blaming Rio. How a city is responsible for China underperforming is unclear.

It is not just the poor medal count, it is also the fact that Great Britain with a population tiny compared to China is beating them that really hurts. Being beaten by a capitalist country who kept Hong Kong for over a century is hard to swallow for those used to seeing the continual triumph of the Chinese communist party, the continual upward swing of prosperity and economic might.

People in China need to un-brainwash themselves if that is possible. The achievements of Chinese athletes are theirs and theirs alone; it reflects their ability and prowess, not the might of a nation.

What the diminishing medal return demonstrates is the rocky transition China is undergoing from state sponsored sports training to private training. The same dip was experienced by Russia and in particular East Germany. While communism’s record for helping relieve poverty and inequality can be questioned, the ideology’s success in nurturing sport talent for propaganda purposes cannot be doubted.

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Relying too Much on Chinese Tourism

chinese in pattaya

Mastercard published a survey that warned that Thailand was becoming too reliant on Chinese tourists to keep its important tourist industry afloat. In 2014 Thailand attracted 4.6 million Chinese  visitors. For that year one in five tourists in Thailand were Chinese. Why is this a problem and will the trend continue?

Obviously, over-reliance on any one country for tourists is a problem. In economic terms a country is safer with a diversified economy. When one sector dips not all is lost. It’s about not keeping all your eggs in one basket.

Tourism accounts for 8.5% of Thai GDP. This sounds like a small part of the economy, however, the respected economist Friedrich Schneider estimates that 40.9% of Thailand’s real GDP in 2014 was provided by the ‘shadow economy’. This means the black economy – drugs, prostitution, gun sales and organised crime. It also refers to the legions of small operators in the tourist sector who don’t pay taxes. The little man who scrapes by offering services for tourists doesn’t declare any of his or her earnings to the government. From the other side of the fence, the government is doing very little to clamp down on small-time tax dodging. Thailand has always been very much a ‘live and let live’ society that turns a blind eye to what are seen as minor infringements of the law. The police who enjoy ‘tea’ see the shadow economy as an important part of their income.

The problem is that Chinese tourists visiting such hotspots as Pattaya City, Phuket and Koh Samui don’t put much money into the legitimate or shadow economy of Thailand.

Typically, Chinese tourists book cheap package tours in China. These are all-inclusive tours that provide all food, transport and accommodation during the holiday. In Pattaya over-sized tour buses clog up the main arteries of the city. The tourists inside are on a 24 hour schedule. They are rushed from one activity to the next, spending little to nothing as they go.

Although the Chinese are as morally imperfect as any other nation, they tend to use their new travel freedoms to travel with their family. It is thus no surprise that the Chinese embassy in Bangkok has received several complaints from Chinese citizens being forced to watch sex shows in Pattaya.

The truth is that there is a monopoly on Chinese tourism in Thailand. Those Thai operators favoured by Chinese tour companies zealously guard their income stream, and use this power to illicit payments to steer their Chinese charges to shops, shows and restaurants. It is all tightly controlled. The Chinese tourist yuan is not shared around very much; there is little trickle down benefits for the shadow and real economy for Thailand.

It might be a blessing in disguise for Thailand that the Chinese economy is slowing down, and that several of its leaders have been exposed for hypocrites using off-shore companies to hide their vast fortunes. Thailand is best served by a diversified economy and a diversified tourist sector. They could also do something about reducing the size of the shadow economy.

The best way going forward for tourist dependent businesses in Thailand is to take a leaf out of Srithanu in Koh Phangan‘s book. They have seen that the local yoga school was doing OK, and since then it has developed a brand as a great place to study yoga. Now the area has loads of yoga schools and is doing very well. Niche, branding, value.

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The Contradiction between Capitalism and Communism


Any casual Chinese observer will tell you that the traditional ideological divide set out by Karl Marx in the 1800s between two forms of social and economic organisation called capitalism and communism is not a problem for those who dream up the official party line in the People’s Republic of China.

The simple answer to the seeming contradiction of a communist country pursuing capitalist policies was put forward early on in the revolution – China has a communist system with ‘Chinese characteristics’. This short qualification has allowed leaders from Deng Xiao Ping onwards to liberalise the economy to enrich the country, mobilise the massive workforce, unleash the entrepreneurial spirit of the people, open the markets, allow private ownership and set up a stock market.

The results have been widely acclaimed as ‘miraculous’. Commentators have marvelled how in 20 years China went from an introverted, basket case economy to one of the world leader’s in terms of GDP, foreign exchange reserves and the other indicators of financial might. China is challenging the USA, Japan and Europe for economic supremacy. The Chinese authorities limited the damage of the 2008 financial crash and have avoided austerity and crippling debt re-payment. Despite the slowdown in demand for Chinese consumer goods, China is doing very well economically.

Nobody cares if this is real communism. The popular belief is that hard work, private ownership and starting up your own business is the way to achieve a workers’ paradise. It is not sharing, communes, state ownership that is going to lead to universal prosperity.

The only problem is that the freedoms necessary for a successful economy are challenging the hegemony of the Chinese Communist Party. While the ideological contradictions bother no one, the restrictions on people’s freedoms do. Artists want full freedom of expression. Artists, writers and musicians are pushing the boundaries of what is and what is not acceptable according to the party. They struggle with censorship, house arrest and state pressure.

It is here that we see the real contradiction between communism and capitalism. Is it market forces in charge of the economy or is it an elite and unelected group of leaders?

A good example of this friction was recently exposed in the incident of the Uniqlo viral video of a couple having sex in a changing booth. (See Marketing is leveraging the massive power of the internet to increase sales. TV ads, radio, billboards, expos etc. are still relevant but less cost effective (and perhaps less far-reaching) than using SEO, viral marketing and marketing psychology. We all know sex sells. We also know that ‘no publicity is bad publicity’.

Chinese authorities arrested 5 people over the Japanese clothes store sex scandal. “The vulgar video had spread like a virus online and clashed with socialist core values,” Xu Feng, a director at the Cyberspace Administration of China said.

The government has a clear moral code they are upholding. They want to control public mores, and to limit the effectiveness of advertising to use sex. Since it is a Japanese company involved in this particular clash of values, the government has nationalist feeling on its side; although, many Chinese have bought commemorative t-shirts of the infamous incident.

How long before the majority of Chinese citizens evolve their morality to tolerate modernity – homosexuality, transgender people, pornography, obscenity, political satire, cynicism? The West has shown that these things seem to attend laissez-faire politics and neo-liberal politics. Will they decriminalise cannabis? Will they let artists say what they want? Will they let manufacturers produce whatever will sell? Will they allow mass media to feed the masses with messages to promote extreme consumerism? Will they allow their food system to be hijacked by multi-national supermarkets that will increase the levels of sugar and salt in food items to unhealthy levels?

The answer might be yes. The Chinese government has shown they care very little for protecting the environment if it means denting the bottom line. Why not sacrifice other traditional values at the altar of modern capitalism?

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Culinary Wars

Japanese home-cooked food

Japanese home-cooked food

The Chinese have always rightly prided themselves on their cuisine, or to be more precise the cuisine from their region or province. They can point to the fact that every major city in the world has a Chinese food restaurant as evidence that the world agrees with the Chinese – Chinese food is delicious. However, over the last few years a relatively new player has arrived on the scene that is threatening to over-take Chinese as the world’s favourite cuisine and that is Japanese food.

In the 1990s a few Japanese restaurants started appearing in European cities. After years of beginning considered ‘odd’ food, the food buying public suddenly started to regard raw fish with not disgust but with relish.

Of course foreign food restaurants are very much connected to immigration. In the UK two big ethnic groupings are the Indians and the Chinese, and so they traditionally tended to dominate much of the budget to mid-level restaurant trade. Also kebab shops run by Middle Eastern people should be mentioned in the same category.

This pattern can be seen reflected over much of the world. Immigration helps to disseminate culture. The Irish due to potato famines and poor economic prospects have left Ireland’s shores in large numbers. Hence the number of Irish bars around the world. Britain had the last pre-World War Empire that spread their culture and that resulted in a spread of the English language, English pubs and other English cultural exports.

The world has changed because of globalisation. This is a new force to spread consumer items and habits independent of immigration. The Japanese, who apart from a brief spell of immigration to Brazil prior to World War II, have never settled in numbers aboard. Instead globalisation and the consumerist obsession with the new and ‘trendy’ have propelled Japanese cuisine on to the world scene. Foods such as sushi, sashimi, udon and grilled meat have become popular. Chain restaurants such as ‘Yo! Sushi’ has educated the food buying public about Japanese food. Moreover, people like to try something new – why not sushi rather than yet another Indian takeaway or Chinese egg fried rice?

Another telling trend is found in luxury hotels around the world in places like Silom in Bangkok, London, Paris, Rome and New Delhi the 5 star hotels have Japanese restaurants rather than Chinese restaurants to accompany restaurants with local food and perhaps Mediterranean food or French / Italian food. The rich obviously think it is more glamorous or sophisticated to eat Japanese rather than the ‘old hat’ Chinese food.

The Japanese shouldn’t however feel too special. Globalisation will no doubt foist on the world public new eating trends and the next big thing could be Mongolian BBQ or Australian bush tucker. These things are ephemeral.

Another thing to consider is that the Chinese have so much more to give to the world economy now than it did in the 1980s. The economic miracle in the People’s Republic of China has led to a legion of highly qualified managers, engineers, scientists etc. who travel the world bringing with them their skills and their cultural mind-set.

Personally, I find the Chinese food outside of China poor. The Indian food outside of India is adulterated with large lumps of meat and tomato soup. The sashimi outside of Japan is not fresh enough and lacks the theatre of the master chef patiently carving up the fish. Globalisation only gives us a copy; and not an exact copy, but rather a market-appropriate product.

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Travel on Chinese Trains

boys drew us while we slept on the floor ofr a Chinese train station

These boys drew us while we slept on the floor of a Chinese train station

I did a big tour of China in the summer of 1997. I started off in Hunan Province and went north to Beijing and then Xi’an. We carried on up to Inner Mongolia and then did the long haul west to Golmud in Qinghai Province. From there we caught the bus to Lhasa. I then said goodbye to my travel companion and caught a bus from the Tibetan capital to Chengdu. I then resumed my train travels to first Kungming and then the long stretch back to Hunan.

It was an epic circular journey that took just over a month. We spent nearly a third of our time on slow Chinese trains in fourth class. It was hard going and full of events. At one point my friend and I helped to save someone’s life. You can read about it here – It was quite a surreal experience.

Trains are the most important means of transport in China still. They cover a vast area with a huge network. They are cheap and there are plenty of them to deal with the huge population. Since 1997 China has seen its economy flourish thanks partly to a mobile work force able to use the train system.

I am reliably informed that now in many train stations in the People’s Republic of China those seeking to buy train tickets are made to queue. Before there was a rush for the ticket counters. It was considered par for the course for people to push in from the side. My friend used to shoulder others out the way while I shouted out our travel needs in my poor Mandarin and strained to understand the replies.

We only ever managed to get fourth class tickets. Sleepers were too expensive and very hard to come by without connections or guanxi. In Kunming I tried to use a travel agent who did no better than I would have done wading into the crowds and fighting for a ticket.

Getting a ticket was only the first obstacle. Passengers were then hemmed into a holding pen. When the doors opened everyone ran for the train. It was bedlam. Before people could alight the crowds were forcing their way on to the train hoping to get a seat. It was a frequent sight to see people climbing in through the windows.

Sometimes we got seats. Other times we made it no farther than the section between carriages, nose to nose with a packed crowd of Chinese. Everyone accepted the situation and tried not to get worked up. Over time people usually find a bit of floor to sit on, or even a seat.

You could smoke on Chinese trains. The Chinese love smoking and I wonder if the authorities impose a smoking ban on trains whether anyone will pay any attention, similar to trains in Thailand where the guards turn a blind eye to those smoking between carriages.

The Chinese don’t usually read on trains. They chat and consume food and drink continuously. Perhaps they play with their smart phones for hours now. On sleepers they all awoke at the same time and queued up for the toilets with a little flannel and a toothbrush. After they hung up their wet flannels and helped themselves to the free hot water at the end of the carriage for pot noodles. After breakfast they continually put stuff in their mouths – cigarettes, pumpkin seeds, food bought from the platform and lots of green tea.

The Chinese I encountered on trains in China were right to come prepared as the journey times were very long; most of the time I did overnight journeys. My longest was 2 nights to get from Kunming to Yueyang.

I believe Chinese trains have speeded up slightly. This means trips are still long, uncomfortable and over-crowded, but over slightly quicker. There are some high speed trains now in China but they only serve a small fraction of the train network and are probably too expensive for the average citizen.

China has a long way to go to provide a train system like Japan where train travel is fast, orderly, comfortable and relatively affordable.

Now that the Chinese economy is showing signs of slowing down it would be sensible to upgrade trains in China not just to the big commercial centres of Beijing and Shanghai but all over China. Such big infrastructure projects bring jobs and stimulate the economy.

The only exception is the Lhasa train. This is bringing cultural genocide to Tibet. Sometimes remoteness is the only way to safe guard a culture.

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Catching the Chinese Tourist Buck

chinese tourist scalds thai flight attendant

Chinese citizens were not allowed to travel to foreign countries until recently. With their growing amount of disposable income they are able to visit countries they previously could only dream about. Tourism makes up 9% of the global GDP. In 2012 the Chinese overtook Americans as the number one tourist spenders in the world. In 2012 they spent $102 billion ( That is a lot of money and countries around the world are keen to get some of this cash.

The British are looking to simplify the visa process for Chinese tourists. The Thai government is always altering their visa regulations in favour of Chinese tourists. Other countries are no doubt employing similar tactics.

Yet Chinese tourism is not without its problems. In December 2014 a flight between Nanjing and Bangkok was forced to turn around after Chinese passengers threw hot water and noodles over a cabin attendant. The incident was picked up by an outraged Thai state media that wrote ‘They behaved like barbarians’. This is ironic as traditionally, those not from the Middle Kingdom, were labelled as ‘barbarians’. The news story highlights the growing number of stereotypes that have attached themselves to Chinese tourists. The rest of the world is just starting to encounter the Chinese outside of a Chinese restaurant milieu and are branding Chinese as rude, loud, impolite and mono-lingual. They are some of the least liked tourists even though they spend money.

As with other Far East Asian countries, the Chinese tend to go on package tours. These tours herd people around Buddhist temples and street markets. Typically Chinese are looking for a good deal. Thailand is an ideal destination because it is only a short airplane journey away. Moreover, there are lots of Thais with Chinese ethnicity in Thailand. There is no shortage of Chinese restaurants, Buddhist temples and fake watches on sale. As well as Bangkok, Tawaen Beach near Pattaya is the main spot for Chinese tourism in Thailand.

One useful comparison can be to look at how Japanese tourism has developed. They too move in packs and conform to stereotypes. Yet, with each new generation leaving its shores behaviour changes. More can speak some English; more travel independently; more start following backpacker trails. There is a growing number of Japanese now to be spotted at Haad Rin’s Full Moon Party and the Bantai parties in Koh Phangan. This will surely happen to the Chinese. They will throw off their group behaviours and participate in a greater diversity of tourist activities. In short individualism will eventually rear its head. The Chinese tourist buck will then be harder to attract with phony attractions and visa lures.

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Chinese Authorities Ban Wordplay

The edicts of the Chinese communist party can be a strange mix of the frightening and the absurd. Despite the window dressing of democracy and lip service given to the 55 ethnic minorities of China, the ‘party’ makes the rules, changes the rules and enforces the rules. The latest rule change is that Chinese media and other sources are not allowed to make puns or indulge in the venerable tradition of wordplay using popular idioms.

For thousands of years Chinese people have been playing with their language. Thanks to a large amount of homophones it is possible to take common phrases and idioms and substitute characters with homophones to make a pun. This is an integral part of Chinese rhetoric and poetry. It shows wit and can be used to make a joke, sell a product or make a political point. The puns stick in the mind and soon go viral in the Zeitgeist.

It is no doubt this last use of wordplay that the authorities object to. The potential for making memorable slogans using a clever wordplay worries the party. In a bid to fend off any threat to their authority and their tight grip on the minds of the people the party has banned wordplay. This takes censorship to another level and risks making the totalitarian regime look plain ridiculous.

It is hard to listen and read every utterance both private and public. It is hard to read every news article, forum post and blog post. Indeed it is impossible. But it is another stick to keep public comment under control; another excuse to stop political dissent. One is immediately reminded of the Nazis burning books and the Soviets declaring certain art ‘unsuitable’.

Language is a rich resource of expression and communication. Literalism is the death of the creative element of language use. If the limits of the world are the limits of language as Wittgenstein claims then the world for the Chinese will be drastically shrunk by this new law. At the same time the law smacks of desperation.

A related topic is the curtain of censorship that the Chinese authorities have attempted to bridle the internet. Certain words and phrases are banned, and sites that are flagged are blocked by internet providers. One way around this obstacle for those wanting to declare their opinions has been to use wordplay and substitute characters. The richness of Mandarin allows people plenty of room to avoid censorship.

While the party knows the value of propaganda it doesn’t realise that history teaches us that draconian measures of self-preservation only serve to speed up the inevitable fall from power.

The example of wordplay below using the ‘zhou’ in the place name Whenzhou and replacing it with a homophone that means porridge. Thus, the sign sounds like ‘people from Zhenzhou’ but actually says ‘warm porridge people’.

warm porridge people

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China and Tourism

China has over 2,000 years of continuous history. Along with India it has the oldest surviving civilization and history in the world. And along with India, China is the cultural heavyweight of Asia. For this reason alone, China will always be a place that appeals to a certain type of tourist.

Moreover, the country is blessed with places of special significance and beauty such as the Forbidden City, The Great Wall and Lhasa. These places vie for status as belonging to the modern wonders of the world.

For many, the transition of China from being a rural and insular economy to being a modern, hi-tech state with a vast pool of young and talented people makes for an exciting destination. There are the bars, restaurants and nightclubs in Beijing, Shanghai and Hong Kong to discover. The countryside is also becoming more accessible thanks to a vastly improved public transport system which now includes high speed railway links.

China has economically exploded since the 1990s. At the same time foreign visitor numbers have shot up. The dual money system of foreign exchange credits has been dropped. More hotels now accept foreign guests. The central authorities have lost some of their suspicion and paranoia of foreign ideas and people. As a consequence, fewer places are off bounds. Even Tibet has largely been opened up. This is all good news for tourism in China.

The other side of the coin is that the Chinese economic miracle has created a large middle and upper middle class with plenty of spare cash. These intelligent young people now look outside of China’s borders for their recreation, fashion and to inform their world view. China now has millions of young Western-influenced professionals who want to see Europe, America, Canada and other parts of Asia.

As yet Chinese tourism abroad is still in its infancy. I say this because most Chinese still travel in tour groups. They are as yet still lacking in the confidence to travel independently. This is something of an ‘Asian’ trait, as the Japanese and the Koreans also tend to travel in groups, use package tours and interpreters. Those hotels that have staff that can speak Chinese and that have connections with Chinese tour operators do a very brisk trade.

Thailand is a good example of a popular Asian destination for Chinese tourists. As yet most Chinese visitors only make it to the main tourist areas of Phuket and Bangkok. These two cities attract because they have a high number of mid-range and budget hotels with facilities and customer service many wealthy Chinese can relate to and often aspire to.

However, with the level of demand it is only a matter of time before other tourist areas come on to the radar for Chinese such as Koh Samui and Koh Phangan. Already Santhiya on Koh Phangan does a brisk trade with Korean guests. It is an ideal resort with its own beach, large pool, spa services, gym and glamorous restaurant.  They provide a complete holiday experience that minimises the concerns of Chinese tourists who probably don’t speak much (or any) Thai or English.

It is only a matter of marketing back in China combined with media stories and word of mouth recommendations and many new Thai, Cambodian, Malaysian and Indonesian destinations will be welcoming Chinese visitors.

Also the level of English will improve among the Chinese middle class as well as confidence to use it. They will be less worried about eating Chinese food and having Chinese speaking tour guides. These people will look to rent a holiday villa in Thailand and elsewhere as they represent better value for families and groups of friends.

As Europe and America continues to suffer from the consequences of the financial meltdown of 2008, it is to other emerging economies that countries that rely heavily on tourism for income will have to turn. Moreover, rising prices in Thailand combined with high flight prices are keeping many tourists away. South East Asia is not such an exotic destination anymore. For those Europeans who do have the money, it is probably less well trodden locales that entice.

It is the Chinese and the Russians who are filling in the holes left by a receding European market as far as tourism goes. These nations are used to getting value for money and so the future looks bright for those tourist destinations that can offer this. There is always a tendency in the tourism business to charge as much as the market will bear until a location becomes as expensive as Paris or Rome. This is a huge mistake since Paris and Rome will always have a massive appeal to tourists.


Koh Phangan Reviews:
Sunrise Villa in Koh Phangan:
Bangkok’s budget hotels:

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Shanghai Mansion

We have mentioned elsewhere in this site the strong cultural connections between Thailand and China. It should not come as a surprise that Chinatown in Bangkok has one of the best Chinese themed hotels in the world. It is called Shanghai Mansion.

The hotel re-creates the feeling of Shanghai in the 1930s. The city at the time was the hub of commerce and culture for the South Pacific region. Many immigrants had fled from Russia in the 1920s to Shanghai. The architecture and design of Shanghai in the 1930s reflected both Chinese and Western sensibilities, as is apparent in the art deco pieces of the time made there.

Shanghai Mansion recreates the style and ease of this period. It has plenty of authentic furniture pieces, a strong color motif of Chinese red and art deco flourishes. There are two room choices – Chinese and contemporary. The Chinese rooms feature four-poster beds, dark wood and paper lanterns. The ground floor features an indoor water garden, a restaurant and bar featuring regular jazz performances. As you can imagine they serve some great Chinese food in the restaurant.

The hotel has been mentioned in countless travel publications and in 2010 won the Sunday Times Travel Award. Shanghai Mansion doesn’t have a swimming pool or spa and an indoor shopping mall, but it does provide a boutique holiday experience. Rooms start at just $80.

The hotel is in a busy area of Chinatown in Bangkok. It is near plenty of shopping, eating and drinking options as well as Hualamphong Train Station and the adjacent metro line.

To read more check out

Other articles looking at the relationship between Thailand and China:
Chinese Temples in Thailand
Chinese Culture in Thailand

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Chinese Temples in Thailand

Chinese temple in Koh Phangan

Chinese temple in Koh Phangan

Thailand has the largest community of ethnic Chinese people in the world. For over 400 years the Chinese have moved to Thailand. King Rama VI (1910 – 1925) decided to fully integrate the large Chinese community into his Kingdom by making all those who wished to stay to adopt Thai surnames. King Rama VI was from the present Chakri dynasty that itself has Chinese ancestry.

There are plenty of examples of Chinese culture in Thailand. There are China towns in cities and towns; you can see Chinese characters on shop signs; and many of the dishes served to foreigners in Thailand. Another more obvious example of Chinese culture is the prevalence of Chinese Temples.

Chinese temple in Koh Samui

Chinese temple in Koh Samui

They are noticeably different to Thai wats in many respects. For a start iconography and the form of Buddhism worshipped is different. The aesthetic of Thai and Chinese temples are very different. From an architectural point of view Thai wats depend on their high, steep roofs often cleverly overlapping. Gold leaf is used to create the awe in the statutes and building flourishes of ornamentation. The interiors use high ceilings and windows to create large spaces and light.

A Chinese temple has a roof with gentle slopes. The impression in a Chinese temple is created by a rich embroidery of dragons, lions, Buddhas and other images found wound around pillars, over arches and in standing statues. A wider palette of colors is used. Inside a Chinese temple it feels darker and more enclosed. A different but still appropriate way to reinforce faith.

Thai wat in Bantai, Koh Phangan

Thai wat in Bantai, Koh Phangan

You can find big Chinese temples in Bangkok and Changmai, indeed all over mainland Thailand. More surprising are Chinese temples in small isolated communities such as Koh Samui and Koh Phangan used to until the second half of the Twentieth Century. The Chinese temple in Koh Samui is located in the main town of Nathon. It is an imposing building and well worth a visit.

The Chinese temple in Koh Phangan is near the popular beach resort areas of Mae Haad, Haad Yao and Chaloklum. Although there is an old tradition of Hainan fishermen visiting the southern islands there was no major Chinese temple in Koh Phangan until a woman had a dream while visiting Koh Phangan. In her dream she was told to build a temple in Koh Phangan. It might be considered a divinely sanctioned temple.

To find out more about Haad Yao in Koh Phangan visit:

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Liuzhou City in the People’s Republic of China is in north central Guangxi Province. It has a population of 3.7 million and covers an area of 18,700 square kilometers. The city is on the banks of the Liu River. It is the second biggest city in Guangxi Province.

Among the main industries of the city are LiuGong, a construction machinery company and SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile, a Joint Venture whose partners include General Motors and Wuling Motors.

Liuzhou as well as being a hub for industry and wealth creation is also a popular tourist destination thanks to its mountains, caves and karst scenery. Just north of the city is Sanjiang. It is an area of pretty villages where the ethnic Dong minority live.

There is a famous saying in China:

“Born in Suzhou, live in Hangzhou, eat in Guangzhou, die in Liuzhou”
(sheng zài su zhou, zhù zài háng zhou, chi zài guang zhou, si zài liu zhou).

The reference to Liuzhou is because the city was traditionally famous for its coffins made of fir wood, camphor and sandalwood.

There is a lot more to Liuzhou. The experience of living in the city, especially for a foreigner is one that is hard to imagine. In 1997 I met Ken. We were both new to China at the time. While I opted to move out of the Middle Kingdom he chose to stay.  He has made an impressive record of his experiences living in Liuzhou. It is well worth reading both and the blog to find out more about this fascinating part of China. The blog is particularly amusing. It covers such stories as the man who had his shoes stolen while in hospital and Chinese olives. It is a fascinating insight into a city undergoing the transformations caused by the so-called Chinese economic miracle: a culture firmly planted in tradition and yet trying to embrace modernity, only with Chinese characteristics. In short these websites are compulsive reading for those wanting to know about life behind the iron rice bowl.

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